Timber & Engineered Timber Flooring​

Timber flooring is a popular type of flooring that adds warmth and elegance to any space. It is made from either solid or engineered wood, and comes in a wide variety of colours, patterns, and textures. Timber flooring is a natural, durable, and sustainable option that can last for decades with proper care and maintenance. It’s easy to clean and maintain making it a cost-effective choice for homeowners.
Timber flooring can also increase the value of a property, as potential homebuyers tend to see it as a premium feature.

Types Of Timber Flooring

There are various types of timber flooring, including solid hardwood, engineered hardwood, bamboo, and reclaimed timber. Here is a closer look at them along with their benefits and drawbacks, and some tips for choosing the right type for your space.

  • Solid Hardwood Flooring
    Solid hardwood flooring is the classic choice for timber flooring and is made from planks of solid wood that are usually 20 mm thick. This type of flooring is available in a wide range of wood species, including Australian Cypress Pine, Blackbutt, Jarrah, and Victorian Ash, and comes in a variety of colours and finishes. One of the main benefits of solid hardwood flooring is its durability, as it can last for decades with proper care and maintenance. Solid hardwood flooring can also be sanded and refinished multiple times over its lifespan, allowing you to change the colour or repair any damage. However, solid hardwood flooring can be susceptible to moisture damage and can be more expensive than other options. It can also be difficult to install and you will have to wait until it is finished and cured before you can walk on it.
  • Engineered Hardwood Flooring
    Engineered hardwood flooring is made from a thin layer of real hardwood that is glued to a plywood or high-density fibreboard (HDF) substrate. This type of flooring is available in an even wider range of wood species, finishes, and plank sizes, and is typically more affordable than solid hardwood flooring. One of the main benefits of engineered hardwood flooring is its stability, as the layers of the substrate help to reduce the expansion and contraction of the wood due to changes in temperature and humidity. Engineered hardwood flooring is one of the easiest floorings to install and as it is pre-finished from the factory, it can be walked on immediately after installation.
  • Bamboo Flooring
    Some are unsure if bamboo should be considered a timber, but it falls in the same general category. Bamboo flooring is a sustainable and eco-friendly alternative to traditional timber flooring, as bamboo is a rapidly renewable resource that can be harvested every 3-5 years. Bamboo flooring is made from thin strips of bamboo that are glued together to form planks, and is available in a variety of colours and finishes. One of the main benefits of bamboo flooring is its durability, as it is harder than many types of hardwood and is resistant to scratches and dents. Bamboo feels unique to walk on and whether or not you enjoy walking on it is a matter of personal preference. See the Carpet One bamboo collection.
  • Reclaimed Timber Flooring
    Reclaimed timber flooring is made from salvaged wood that has been repurposed from old buildings, barns, and other structures. This type of flooring is often sought-after for its unique character and history, as each plank can have its own unique story to tell. Reclaimed timber flooring is available in a variety of wood species and finishes, and can add warmth and charm to any space. One of the main benefits of reclaimed timber flooring is its sustainability, as it reduces the demand for new timber and helps to preserve historical structures. However, reclaimed timber flooring can be more expensive than other options, and may require more care and maintenance due to its age. Even then, its lifespan may not be as long as the other three options. Another drawback is that it is difficult to find when you need it and in a style that matches the rest of the room.

Why Engineered Timber Flooring Is Ideal For Modern Homeowners

Engineered timber flooring is an ideal choice for modern homeowners for several reasons:

    1. Durability: Engineered timber flooring is more durable than many other types of flooring, including laminate and vinyl. The plywood or HDF substrate provides a stable base for the hardwood layer, reducing the risk of warping or cupping due to changes in temperature and humidity. The hardwood layer is also resistant to scratches and dents, making it ideal for high-traffic areas. The pre-finish takes this durability to the next level. This protective coating is durable and thick enough to keep scratches and dents away.
    2. Sustainability: Engineered timber flooring is a more sustainable choice than solid hardwood flooring, as it uses less hardwood to achieve the same effect. The plywood or HDF substrate is made from fast-growing trees that can be easily replenished, reducing the impact on the environment. Additionally, engineered timber flooring can be made from sustainably sourced hardwood, ensuring that the wood used in the flooring comes from responsibly managed forests.
    3. Versatility: Engineered timber flooring is available in a wide range of styles, colours, and finishes, making it easy to find the perfect flooring for any space. It can be installed in a variety of patterns, including herringbone and chevron, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication to any room.
    4. Easy installation: Engineered timber flooring is easy to install, and can often be installed as a floating floor, without the need for nails or glue. This makes it a great choice for DIY projects, as it can be installed quickly and easily without the need for specialized tools or equipment. The pre-finish means that there is no sophisticated finishing or curing required either and you can walk on them as soon as they are installed.
    5. Easy maintenance: Engineered timber flooring is easy to clean and maintain and can be swept or vacuumed regularly to remove dirt and debris. It can also be damp-mopped as needed, using a cleaner specifically designed for hardwood floors. The durable pre-finish means that you won’t have to regularly sand the flooring like traditional timber floors which need sanding and refinishing every few years.

Why Engineered Timber Flooring Is Also Known As Prefinished Timber Flooring

Engineered timber flooring is sometimes referred to as prefinished timber flooring because the hardwood layer is prefinished before it is attached to the substrate at the factory. Unlike solid hardwood flooring, which is sanded and finished on-site after installation, engineered timber flooring is finished at the end of the manufacturing process before it even gets to our storage facility.

Prefinishing the hardwood layer offers several benefits. Firstly, it ensures that the flooring has a consistent and uniform appearance, with little to no variations in colour or finish from one plank to the next. This is because each plank is finished in the same way, under highly controlled conditions, using specialised equipment and techniques. As a result, prefinished engineered timber flooring tends to have a more polished and professional look than solid hardwood flooring that is finished on-site.

Secondly, prefinishing the hardwood layer saves time and reduces the mess created during installation drastically. With solid hardwood flooring, the sanding and finishing process can take several days, during which time the floors must be covered to protect them from dust and debris. With prefinished engineered timber flooring, the planks can be installed immediately, without the need for sanding or finishing on-site. It is also ready to be walked on immediately as it does not need any curing.

Finally, prefinishing the hardwood layer improves the durability and longevity of the flooring. The finish applied in the factory is often more durable and resistant to wear than a finish applied on-site, as it is cured under controlled conditions and can be a thicker layer. The hardwood layer of the engineered timber flooring is also less susceptible to damage during installation, as it is already finished and protected.

Timber Flooring Installation

Engineered timber floors provide the look and feel of hardwood floors without the high cost and maintenance. Installation of engineered timber flooring is relatively easy and can be done by homeowners with some DIY experience or by professional flooring installers. 

Getting the help of professionals is recommended. Carpet One also provides highly skilled craftspeople who can get the flooring installed for you in the best way possible. Here are the steps involved in installing engineered timber flooring:

    1. Preparation: Before installing, ensure that the subfloor is clean, level, and dry. If necessary, remove any existing flooring, and repair any cracks or holes in the subfloor. Check the moisture level of the subfloor, as excess moisture can cause the flooring to warp or buckle.
    2. Acclimate: The timber should be acclimated to the room’s environment for at least 48 hours. This means leaving the timber in the room where it will be installed, allowing it to adjust to the room’s temperature and humidity. This is not necessary when using engineered timber flooring.
    3. Underlay: Install an underlay over the subfloor to provide a cushioned surface for the engineered timber flooring. The type of underlay used will depend on the subfloor material and the specific requirements of the flooring manufacturer.
    4. Layout: Determine the layout of the flooring, taking into account the size and shape of the room, the location of doors and cabinets, and the direction of the grain. Begin laying the planks along the longest wall of the room, and work your way towards the opposite wall.
    5. Installation: Install the engineered timber flooring according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Most engineered timber flooring is installed using a tongue-and-groove system, with each plank fitting together and locking into place. Depending on the type of flooring, the planks may be glued, nailed, or floated (not attached to the subfloor). If you are using prefinished timber flooring, then this is the final step. The floor is ready to walk on.
    6. Sand and finish: Sand the timber flooring to remove any rough edges and finish with a protective coating, such as polyurethane or oil. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for finishing. Let the finish cure properly before walking on it.

Maintenance And Care Of Timber Flooring

Like all flooring materials, timber requires regular care and attention to keep it looking its best. Here are some tips on how to maintain and care for your timber flooring:

Clean spills immediately: Wipe up spills as soon as possible to prevent the liquid from seeping into the flooring and causing damage. Use a soft, dry cloth to absorb the spill, then follow up with a damp cloth to remove any residue.

Sweep or vacuum regularly: Dirt, dust, and other debris can scratch the surface of the flooring over time, so sweep or vacuum regularly. Use a soft-bristled brush or vacuum attachment to avoid damaging the surface.

Use appropriate cleaning products: Only use cleaning products that are recommended by the flooring manufacturer. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners, as these can damage the surface of the flooring.

Avoid excess moisture: Timber flooring is resistant to moisture to a certain degree, but excess water can still cause damage over time. Avoid using excessive amounts of water when cleaning the flooring, and never leave standing water on the surface.

Protect the flooring from scratches and dents: Place furniture pads under table legs, chairs, and other heavy objects to prevent scratches and dents on the flooring. Avoid wearing high heels or shoes with sharp objects that could damage the surface.

Refinish when needed: Over time, the finish on the timber flooring may wear down, leaving it vulnerable to damage. Refinish the flooring when necessary to protect it and restore its appearance.

Timber flooring is a beautiful and durable flooring material that can last for many years with proper care and maintenance.

Timber Flooring vs. Other Flooring Options

Choosing the right flooring for your home is an important decision, and there are many different options available on the market. Timber flooring is a popular choice for many homeowners, but how does it compare to other flooring options? Here are some comparisons between timber flooring and other common flooring options:

    1. Carpet: Carpet is a popular flooring option for bedrooms and living rooms because it is soft and comfortable underfoot. However, carpets can be difficult to clean and maintain, and it may need to be replaced more frequently than timber flooring. Timber flooring is also a better choice for people with allergies, as it doesn’t trap dust and allergens like carpet can.
    2. Vinyl flooring: Vinyl flooring is a budget-friendly option that is durable and easy to clean. However, it is not as visually appealing as timber flooring and may not add as much value to your home.
    3. Ceramic tile: Ceramic tile is a popular option for bathrooms and kitchens because it is waterproof and easy to clean. However, it can be cold and hard underfoot, and it may crack or chip over time. Timber flooring provides a warmer and more comfortable feel underfoot.
    4. Laminate flooring: Laminate flooring is a budget-friendly option that can mimic the look of timber flooring. However, it is not as durable as timber flooring and may need to be replaced more frequently. Laminate flooring is also not as environmentally friendly as timber flooring, as it is typically made from synthetic materials.
  • Concrete flooring: Concrete flooring is sometimes seen in modern homes and industrial-style interiors. However, it can be cold and hard underfoot.

A Few Drawbacks Of Timber Flooring And How We Have Tackled Them

While engineered timber flooring has many benefits, there are usually some drawbacks to consider. Here are some common drawbacks of engineered timber flooring and how we have addressed them:

  1. Sanding and refinishing: Timber flooring will start to lose its shine with time. It needs to be sanded and refinished once every few years. Our prefinished timber does not require any sanding or finishing and is durable enough to last for a long time with a reasonable amount of maintenance.
  2. Prone to water damage: Timber flooring options may not be as resistant to water damage as some other flooring options, such as ceramic tile or vinyl flooring. If exposed to water for a prolonged period of time, the flooring may warp or become damaged. Once again, our pre-finish will ensure that the flooring is as water-resistant as it can be. Just make sure to wipe off any spills and avoid standing water on the flooring. The substrate layer used is also of the highest quality to prevent warping.
  3. May be more expensive than other flooring options: Timber flooring may be more expensive than some flooring options, such as vinyl or laminate flooring. However, it is important to consider the long-term value of the flooring, as timber floors add value to your home and last for many years with proper care. All the options available at Carpet One are very reasonably priced.

A Note On Why Prefinished Timber Flooring Is Good For The Environment

This prefinishing process has several environmental benefits, making it a good choice for homeowners who are concerned about sustainability and minimizing their environmental impact. Here are some reasons why prefinished timber flooring is good for the environment:

  • Less waste: Prefinished timber flooring is produced in a controlled factory environment, using highly efficient machinery. This means that the production process generates less waste compared to on-site finishing. The factory can use precise measurements and quality control procedures to ensure that each plank of flooring is finished correctly, which reduces the likelihood of defective planks that need to be discarded.
  • Fewer emissions: On-site finishing of timber flooring can generate significant amounts of dust, fumes, and other emissions that can be harmful to the environment and human health. Prefinished timber flooring, on the other hand, is finished in a controlled factory environment, which reduces the amount of emissions released into the atmosphere.
  • Longer lifespan: Prefinished timber flooring is designed to be durable and long-lasting, which means that it can be used for many years without needing to be replaced. This longevity reduces the need for additional materials and resources to be used to produce new flooring, which has a positive impact on the environment.
  • Sustainable materials: Many manufacturers of prefinished timber flooring, including the ones we source our flooring from, use sustainable materials in the production process, such as wood which is sourced from responsibly managed forests. This ensures that the production of the flooring has minimal impact on the environment and helps to support sustainable forestry practices.
  • Recyclable: When the prefinished timber flooring reaches the end of its lifespan, it can be recycled or repurposed, which reduces the amount of waste that ends up in landfills. This can also help to conserve natural resources and reduce the environmental impact of the flooring over its lifetime.


What is engineered timber flooring?

Engineered timber flooring is a type of flooring that consists of a real wood top layer that is glued to a plywood or high-density fiberboard (HDF) base. This construction allows the flooring to have the natural beauty of real wood, while also being more stable and resistant to moisture.

What is prefinished timber flooring?

Prefinished timber flooring is a type of engineered timber flooring that has been finished with a protective layer of polyurethane or another coating before it’s installed. This means that the flooring does not need to be sanded or finished after installation, making it a convenient and low-maintenance option.

What are the advantages of engineered timber flooring?

Engineered timber flooring is more stable than solid timber flooring, making it less prone to warping and movement. It can also be installed over a variety of subfloors, including concrete, and is more resistant to moisture than solid timber flooring. Additionally, engineered timber flooring is available in a range of colors and finishes, making it a versatile option for any style of home.

Is prefinished timber flooring more expensive than unfinished flooring?

Prefinished timber flooring may be slightly more expensive than unfinished flooring, as it has already been finished with a protective layer before installation. However, the cost of installation and finishing is often included in the price of prefinished flooring, making it a more convenient and cost-effective option in the long run.

How do I care for and maintain my prefinished timber flooring?

Prefinished timber flooring is easy to care for and maintain, as it has already been finished with a protective layer. Regular sweeping or vacuuming, as well as occasional damp mopping, is usually sufficient to keep the flooring looking clean and shiny. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaning tools that can damage the protective layer of the flooring.

Can prefinished timber flooring be sanded and refinished?

The pre-finish used by us very durable and you won’t feel the need for sanding and refinishing anytime soon.


Engineered or prefinished timber flooring is a popular and practical choice for homeowners who desire the natural beauty of wood flooring, with added stability and moisture resistance. Engineered timber flooring is available in a wide range of colours and finishes, making it a versatile option for any style of home. Prefinished timber flooring offers the added convenience of not needing to be sanded or finished after installation, and can be walked on immediately. It’s easy to care for and maintain. While there may be some very minor drawbacks to engineered timber flooring, these can be mitigated with proper care and maintenance. Overall, engineered or prefinished timber flooring is a durable and sustainable flooring option that can add value and beauty to your home.